A Step-by-Step Guide: How to Cook Lobster

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Lobster is often seen as a luxurious and indulgent dish reserved for fancy restaurants, but cooking it at home is easier than you might think. With the right techniques and a bit of confidence in the kitchen, you can treat yourself and your loved ones to a delicious homemade lobster feast. In this step-by-step guide, we’ll walk you through the process of cooking lobster at home or lobsters from Maine, from selecting the best lobster to serving it up in style.

Choosing the Perfect Lobster

Before you can start cooking lobster at home, it’s crucial to select the best lobster. Here are some tips on how to make the right choice:

1.1 Types of Lobster

There are various types of lobster, with the most common being the American lobster and the European lobster. The American lobster, also known as the Maine lobster, is popular in North America, while the European lobster is prevalent in Europe. Each type has a slightly different flavor and texture, so choose the one that suits your preference.

1.2 Live Lobster vs. Frozen Lobster

Live lobsters are often considered the best option for their freshness, but frozen lobster tails are a convenient alternative. If you’re new to cooking lobster, starting with frozen lobster tails can be a more manageable way to go.

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1.3 Sizing Up the Lobster

Lobsters come in various sizes, usually measured in pounds. A 1 to 1.25-pound lobster is ideal for a single serving. Larger lobsters can be more challenging to cook and may require more cooking time.

Preparing Your Cooking Space

Now that you have your lobster, it’s time to prepare your cooking space. Here’s what you’ll need:

2.1 Kitchen Equipment

  • Large pot or stockpot
  • Tongs or a lobster cracker
  • A pair of kitchen shears
  • Cutting board and knife
  • Timer
  • A bowl of ice water

2.2 Ingredients

  • Lobster(s)
  • Salt

2.3 Safety Precautions

Before you begin, it’s essential to take safety precautions. Lobsters have sharp claws and can be feisty when handled. Use gloves or a towel to protect your hands when handling them.

Cooking Lobster: The Boiling Method

One of the most common methods of cooking lobster is boiling. Here’s how to do it step by step:

3.1 Bring the Water to a Boil

Fill your large pot or stockpot with enough water to cover the lobster completely. Add salt to the water, about 2 tablespoons per quart of water, and bring it to a rolling boil.

3.2 Prepare the Lobster

Hold the lobster firmly using tongs and carefully lower it headfirst into the boiling water. Be cautious, as the lobster may splash.

3.3 Cooking Time

Cook the lobster for about 10-12 minutes for the first pound, plus an extra 3 minutes for each additional pound. For instance, a 1.5-pound lobster should be cooked for 13-15 minutes.

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3.4 Test for Doneness

To check if the lobster is done, look for these signs:

  • The shell turns bright red.
  • The tail is curled.
  • The meat is opaque and firm.

3.5 Remove and Cool

Once the lobster is cooked, use tongs to carefully remove it from the boiling water and immediately place it in a bowl of ice water. This stops the cooking process.

Cooking Lobster: The Steaming Method

Another popular method for cooking lobster is steaming. Here’s how to do it:

4.1 Prepare the Steamer

Fill a large pot with about 2 inches of water and place a steaming basket or rack inside. Bring the water to a boil.

4.2 Prepare the Lobster

Place the lobster on the rack, cover the pot, and steam the lobster for about 9-12 minutes per pound, plus an extra 2 minutes for each additional pound.

4.3 Test for Doneness

Use the same doneness indicators as mentioned in the boiling method to check if the lobster is ready.

4.4 Remove and Cool

Once the lobster is done, remove it from the steamer and transfer it to a bowl of ice water to stop the cooking process.

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Serving Your Homemade Lobster Dish

After you’ve successfully cooked your lobster, it’s time to serve it up in style. Here are some serving ideas:

5.1 Classic Lobster Dinner

  • Serve the lobster with melted butter, lemon wedges, and a sprinkle of fresh parsley.
  • Add side dishes like boiled corn on the cob and coleslaw for a classic New England-style lobster dinner.

5.2 Lobster Rolls

  • Create delicious lobster rolls by mixing the lobster meat with mayonnaise, celery, and a touch of Old Bay seasoning.
  • Fill split-top buns with the lobster mixture and serve with potato chips or fries.

5.3 Lobster Pasta

  • Use the lobster meat in a creamy pasta dish with linguine or fettuccine. A lobster Alfredo or lobster bisque pasta is always a crowd-pleaser.

5.4 Lobster Bisque

  • Make a rich and flavorful lobster bisque using the shells for a satisfying and elegant soup.


Cooking lobster at home can be a rewarding and enjoyable culinary experience. Whether you opt for boiling or steaming, choosing the right lobster, preparing your cooking space, and serving it with flair will result in a memorable meal. With this step-by-step guide, you can confidently bring the taste of the sea to your home kitchen and impress your guests with your culinary skills. So, why wait? Dive into the world of lobster cooking, and bon appétit!

Philip Okoye
the authorPhilip Okoye
Your favorite recipe author, faithful to every course. Mail me at

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